8 Fascinating Historical Places in Malta and Gozo
Malta and Gozo may seem small, but they are rich in historical places that date back to 3000 B.C. These islands are scattered with numerous historical sites, and more are still being discovered to this day. In this blog, we will list the top historical sites that you must visit.
Enrich your trip by visiting these historical places in Malta
Judging by its size, you’d be surprised to learn about the astounding amount of historical places in Malta and Gozo. The islands are dotted with historical sites dating back to 3000 B.C, and centuries later, new historical sites are still being unearthed.
Malta’s a melting pot of cultural histories. Its layered history begins with prehistoric settlers from Sicily who arrived around 5200BC, up to the British, who were the last to rule before the islands gained independence in 1974. The Greeks, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Byzantines and the Turks are amongst those who left their mark on Malta over the years. And the result? A unique culture and lifestyle that brings together aspects from Italy, North Africa and England.
Many visitors precisely add Malta to their bucket list because of its fascinating history.
Malta’s megalithic temples are prehistoric monumental buildings that are amongst the earliest free-standing stone buildings in the world – even older than the pyramids.
1. Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temples
Amongst the many megalithic sites on the main island of Malta, the most notable temples are Ħaġar Qim and Mnajdra, which are next to one another in Qrendi in the south. Apart from being a remarkable site in itself, the natural surroundings and cliffside views are spectacular. You can easily understand why prehistoric settlers chose this place to call home.
2. Ggantija Temples
The most documented megalithic temple is found on the smaller island of Gozo. Ggantija temples are a world heritage site and date from around 3600 to 3200 BF. This site consists of two temples, and the surrounding grounds are enclosed in a massive boundary wall.
3. Ħal-Salfieni Hypogeum
Shrouded in mystery, this UNESCO World Heritage site is an underground prehistoric sanctuary and burial site, the only one of its kind in Europe. The catacomb chambers at the Hypgoeum are remarkably well preserved, with red ochre paintings and carvings on the walls. There are many legends and theories about the existence of this site, but it’s best to visit and listen to the audiotapes or join a guided tour. Due to limited daily visitors, booking this site months in advance is best.
4. Għar Dalam (Birżebbuġa)
A visit here during your trip to Malta will take you back to where it all began. With evidence of human habitation dating back more than 7,400 years, Għar Dalam gave evidence of the earliest human settlement on Malta. It also contained fossilised bones of extinct creatures like dwarf elephants, hippos, micro-mammals and birds. It is said that these remains are from animals that lived here back when Malta and Sicily were still connected by land.
5. Ta Bistra Catacombs (Mosta) & St. Paul’s Catacombs (Rabat)
If you’d like to discover some of the island’s underground connections, make it a point to visit these catacombs. The two sites are a complex of interconnected, underground Roman cemeteries which represent the earliest evidence of Christianity in Malta.
Forts and Towers
6. The Silent City – Mdina (Malta)
Mdina, also known as the silent city, is a fortified city perched atop a hill. With a story that traces back to over 4000 years ago, Mdina has witnessed many different stages of the history of Malta. With each colonizer came different uses of the city as well as renovations. Today, it’s one of the most visited places by tourists and is close to the hearts of locals. Apart from the museums and craft shops, it’s known for having the best chocolate cake on the island and some delicious ice cream. Plan an afternoon stroll here and stay until dusk.
7. Ċitadella (Gozo)
Citadella is an iconic landmark in Gozo. Just like Mdina, it is a fortified city on one of the highest positions of the island. And due to Gozo’s small size, it’s visible from anywhere in Gozo. Its light design makes it particularly stunning during the nighttime. Citadella was built in 1500 BC with many additions over the years, and just like Mdina, it’s passed through many of the island’s colonizers. Plan a visit here around sunset for a magical feel. Have a drink at a wine bar, take in the views and enjoy the silence.
8. The Red Tower (Mellieha)
Its official name is Saint Agatha’s Tower, and it was built as a watchtower between 1647 and 1649 and manned during both wars. The fort is unique in its castle-like structure. The tower is open to visitors; inside, you can see the original floor and walls. From the top of the tower, you can see stunning views of Malta, Gozo and Comino.
Enjoy a refreshing getaway while learning English at a prestigious school in Malta.
Imagine learning English while basking in the warm Mediterranean sun. Malta, a former British colony with a thriving expat community, provides the perfect opportunity to immerse yourself in the English language and way of life. Make your vacation unforgettable by combining it with an English course, and return home with new skills and cherished memories.
Our schools are highly ranked for their exceptional academic standards, accreditation, and overall experience. We take great pride in our diverse community of international students who are always eager to extend a warm welcome. With us, you can embark on a fully immersive study trip that includes engaging courses, meaningful friendships, and exciting adventures.
Write to us at [email protected] to explore the possibility of joining our schools.
Find a Suitable Course
Whether you'd like to improve English for personal, career or academic goals - we've got a course for you.Browse Courses